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Ethiopia in the Bible

The Paradise of Adam

Ethiopia is the first country – still recognizable by its biblical name on our atlases – mentioned in the Bible, and this quotation occurs in its very first pages, those that describe the creation of the world and man, the origin of everything, the GENESIS.
In Genesis (chapter 2, 10-13), describing Paradise (“Gennete Edom” ገነተ ኤዶም, “Garden of Eden”, in Ge’ez), the prophet states: “And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.. “
According to Genesis itself, chapter 10, Avila is nothing more than a daughter of Ethiopia, and therefore a region contiguous to Her and under Her.
It is also written in Genesis 2,8: “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.” Scripture is therefore describing the Oriental Africa, the Nile Valley in its two main ramifications (White Nile and Blue Nile) as the original heart of the First Earthly Kingdom, where God has placed the progenitors of the entire human race, Adam and Hewan, and the primeval home of mankind.
About this mystery, His Imperial Majesty said to Oriana Fallaci: “Ethiopia has existed for 3,000 years. In fact, it exists ever since man first appeared on earth.”
This is scientifically confirmed by all the archaeological and paleontological studies, which lead back to Ethiopia both the first hominid (Lucy, the Australopitecus Afarensis, called in this way as it was found in Afar, an Ethiopian region) and the oldest homo sapiens (from, coincidentally, the OMO Valley, in Ethiopia). Recent studies have also shown that Ethiopia contains all the genetic heritage of humanity and is therefore its natural historical origin. Both evolutionists and creationists must acknowledge Ethiopia as its GENESIS. Check the following pictures, with a scientific article about this, from an italian major newspaper, “La Repubblica”.
“And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground” (Genesis 2: 7). This passage indicates how the very essence of man, of every man who originated from Adam, is drawn from the land of Edom which is his same name, that is Ethiopia. We thus speak of the “Ethiopianess” of human nature, as a universal and basic racial concept for the knowledge of ourselves as one human race. This is why the prophet Jeremiah states:
“Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?” (Jeremiah 13:23)
Thus admitting that the Ethiopian skin is natural for the human species, as well as the spots for the leopard, and that it is an essential and eternal trait of man, way higher than the absolutely changing and relative concept of pigmentation and complexion.
“In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: (Genesis 3, 19). From which soil was man taken, to which one he will necessarily have to return? Repatriation to Ethiopia sounds as inescapable and inevitable as death itself, in which we will be brought back to the black womb of the earth, since we come to light from the black womb of our mother. It is the much celebrated “Return to Earth” of these last times, as well as the necessary return to the black root that we visualize every day into our black sleep.
From the Christological point of view, this implies that Christ Himself, in his character as the Universal Father, Perfect Man and substitute of Adam for the purification of humanity from the sin committed, must be Ethiopian, in all respects equivalent to Adam:
“For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. (…) The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. (…) And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
(I Corinthians 15)
In fact, in the beginning Adam was created in the same image of God. “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him” (Genesis 1, 27). Differently from western theology, Ethiopian theology teaches that even invisible spirits can have an image (Araya አርአያ), and Egziabhier got an Image, and on that Image Adam was created. In the first chapter of the Ethiopian Book of Mystery of Ghiorghis of Gasecha, this holy doctor shows how God biblically has hands, ears, feet, face, arms, and Adam was created in this likeness, both in his spirit and his body.
If Christ is “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature” (Colossians 1,15) therefore He must have the same exact image of Adam the Ethiopian, created in the likeness of an Ethiopian God.
Therefore, in view of the incarnation of the only Person of the Son in Christ, Jah said: “Behold, man has become like One of Us”. (Genesis 3, 22)
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Ethiopia in Western Culture

Homer – The Iliad – 1

The divine glory of Ethiopia is clearly expressed in the “Iliad” of the greatest greek poet, Homer.
In Iliad Book 1 verses 423-425 Tethis speaks with Achilles her son, and suggests him to not join the war, and to wait few days the return of Zeus, that was not available at that time and could not help him:
Ζεὺς γὰρ ἐς Ὠκεανὸν μετ᾽ἀμύμονας Αἰθιοπῆας
χθιζὸς ἔβη κατὰ δαῖτα, θεοὶ δ᾽ἅμα πάντες ἕποντο
δωδεκάτῃ δέ τοι αὖτις ἐλεύσεται Οὔλυμπον δέ
“Zeus went yesterday to Oceanus, to the blameless Ethiopians for a feast, and all the gods followed with him; but on the twelfth day he will come back again to Olympus”.
Zeus, the head of all the greek gods, had the habit to spend his holydays in Ethiopia, to join Ethiopian banquets and feasts and cut off the rest of the world business for 12 days.
The coming down of Zeus in Ethiopia is an image of incarnation and coming of Christ.
Oceanus was also a Greek Divinity, he was traditionally represented with dark complexion and recognized as an Ethiopian (attached picture), and in the same Iliad (XIV, 201), Homer said about him:
Ὠκεανόν τε θεῶν γένεσιν / Okeanòn te Teòn Gènesin
“Oceanus the Genesis of the Gods”. Therefore, Ethiopia was declared as the original motherland of life.
The Ethiopians were “blameless”, and the Gods especially loved their sacrifices, their celebrations, their company. Therefore, they were declared by Homer as Chosen People of holiness.
That’s why the goddess Iris, again in the Iliad (XXIII, 205-207), is invited to join a greek feast, but she prefers the Ethiopians:
ἣ δ᾽αὖθ᾽ ἕζεσθαι μὲν ἀνήνατο, εἶπε δὲ μῦθον:
οὐχ ἕδος: εἶμι γὰρ αὖτις ἐπ᾽ Ὠκεανοῖο ῥέεθρα
Αἰθιόπων ἐς γαῖαν, ὅθι ῥέζουσ᾽ ἑκατόμβας
ἀθανάτοις, ἵνα δὴ καὶ ἐγὼ μεταδαίσομαι ἱρῶν.
“But she refused to sit, and spake saying: ‘I may not sit, for I must go back unto the streams of Oceanus, unto the land of the Ethiopians, where they are sacrificing hecatombs to the immortals, that I too may share in the sacred feast.’ “
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Haile Selassie I - Testimonies

Uk Evening Express, 17th of January 1941

“HAILE SELASSIE – PROPHET

It was a lovely night, the skies were blue and the moon shone with rare brilliance. I had the unique honour of listening to the Emperor Haile Selassie in his modestly furnished reception room in the ancient city of Bath.

How prophetic of the Black Emperor that he should choose Bath for his residence in Britain – a city made famous by the Romans for their baths.

It was in June of the last year, before Benito Mussolini, the destroyer of Abyssinia’s freedom, declared war on Britain.

The world knew nothing about the plans and intentions of the Emperor when he told me that:

‘The hour of my country’s liberation is coming and you will see me soon leaving this country.

Don’t think that I was wasting my time here pushing my bicycle on the streets of Bath all these days. My faithful rasses all over the country were carefully knitting a net of revolutionary activity, keeping the people informed about my doings here and their duty to their motherland.

I have received definitive news from Ras Kassa that my people are awaiting my arrival in the country with expectancy.

I will not rest until the last Italian is driven away from my country. I live and I die for the liberation of Ethiopia. I am confident that in less than a year I will ride on my snow-white charger at the head of my people and enter Addis Ababa.’ “

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Haile Selassie I - Testimonies

Indro Montanelli – Italian Journalist and Fascist Soldier – 1982

Interview with Enzo Biagi, taken from “1935 e dintorni”, E.Biagi, Mondadori 1982.

I feel a great admiration for the negus, a real man without doubts, and the abyssinians were very lovable people, they had never been our enemies, even during the conflict, everywhere we were welcomed with feasts“. (…)

I remember Haile Selassie as a man full of dignity, I knew him when I returned there: suspicious, smart, very shrewd, surely a head fitting for his country, that never accepted our offers. As you know, we wanted to give him a huge appanage, to make him king of Rhodes or one island in the Aegean Sea, that was surely easier than going to London in exile, poor, for he didn’t own exported money. Instead, he was able to keep his rank, his style, and above all he had this high merit: once returned in Addis Abeba, he started to protect the Italian people, he never felt any rancour.

 

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Haile Selassie I - Teachings

Letter of Application for Membership to the League of Nations – 1923

“In the name of the Queen of the Kings of Ethiopia, whose seal is represented above, we have the honour to present our application for membership, and to confirm the terms of the telegram we have sent concerning this subject.

Considering that the great war raised in Europe has ended, since long time the ethiopian government wants to be listed among the States that are members of the League of Nations, whose Pact grants unity, mutual aid and peace of all the nations of the world.

As the holy books testify, since the year 1500 since Salomon, we fight against the pagans that sorround us – as the map of our country helps to recognize – for the faith in God, the observance of his laws, the safeguard of the independence of our country and our religion. The God of our faith has helped us, and we have been able to baptize thousands of pagans, that have become our brothers, and we only had rest at the time of our emperor Menelik II.

Among these facts, seeing that the heir to the throne, Lij Iyasu, was tending towards the religion against which, with much strain, we have fought, and was taking a way that could create problems with the neighbouring governments, we stopped along the way of progress, taking care of putting things back in order.

In spite of that, during this small time of rest we have attained, looking for ties of friendship, we have built a railway, we have signed the Convention of Bruxelles, we became members of the Universal Postal Union. With the powers that have assembled to found this League, we have signed treaties and always respected their commitments. As we have received the Gospel of Christ at the same time as you, we really wished to harmonize our laws with yours, despite the difficulties that hinder us. We are confident that all we have done will be a guarantee, and that you will bear witness of that.

We know that the League of Nations grants the independence and territorial integrity of the States of the world, and keeps them in peace and agreement; that it takes care to increase the friendship among the children of men; that it wants to suppress the obstacles to that friendship, provoking wars when there is an offense; that it gives honor to truth and loyalty. Those principles are well done, especially for a nation that has always remained firmly Christian. The perpetual desire of this christian government is to rule its people in peace and tranquillity, and to develop this country in prosperity. All this suited us, and we agreed to send our plenipotentiary emissaries to sit at the League, and work according to the regulations set by the independent States. We therefore have the honour to ask you to let us know, through the mission we have sent, the decision of the League of Nations, as we have requested through our telegram…

We pray to God our ardent wishes that this friendly foundation of nations will be strengthened and our application favourably accepted.”

Taken from “L’Empire des Negus, Pierre-Alype, 1935 pp. 271-273 and from “Ethiopie Fidele a la Croix“, M.Cleret, 1957, pp. 137-141

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Cultural Shop

Pure Resins of Frankincense and Myrrh from Ethiopia

Pure resins of frankincense of different kinds (betekristian, aden, ogaden, copal, lubanja) and myrrh from Ethiopia.

WORLDWIDE SHIPPING AVAILABLE

 

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Ethiopia - Land, People and Customs

Coffee is Black Ethiopian

The word “Coffee” derives from the Ethiopian region of Kaffa, from which the plant and its tradition originally come. Every morning, almost every citizen in the West begins his day with this very Black and Ethiopian substance. The beginning of the day continually reminds us of the African and Black beginning of history.
In Ethiopia, coffee is called “Bunna” ቡና: the green beans are roasted, crushed and boiled within an earthenware jug, called “Jebenà” ጀበና, and then filtered, thus obtaining a soft and enjoyable drink, which is flavored with rue and other spices, and served together with incense through a fascinating domestic ceremony…
“Ethiopia has, from the province of Kaffa, given the world the name and product of coffee.”
H.I.M. Haile Selassie I – Selected Speeches p. 116
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Haile Selassie I - Testimonies

Nelson Mandela, Liberator of South Africa – 1994

Taken from his autobiography “The Long Walk to Freedom”, 1994:

“Ethiopia has always held a special place in my own imagination and the prospect of visiting Ethiopia attracted me more strongly than a trip to France, England, and America combined. I felt I would be visiting my own genesis, unearthing the roots of what made me an African. Meeting the emperor himself would be like shaking hands with history.” (…) 

“Suddenly we heard the distant music of a lone bugle and then the strains of a brass band accompanied by the steady beating of African drums. As the music came closer, I could hear — and feel — the rumbling of hundreds of marching feet. From behind a building at the edge of the square, an officer appeared brandishing a gleaming sword; at his heels marched five hundred black soldiers in rows four across, each carrying a polished rifle against his uniformed shoulder. When the troops had marched directly in front of the grandstand, an order rang out in Amharic, and the five hundred soldiers halted as one man, spun around, and executed a precise salute to an elderly man in a dazzling uniform, His Highness the Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, the Lion of Judah. 

Here, for the first time in my life, I was witnessing black soldiers commanded by black generals applauded by black leaders who were all guests of a black head of state. It was a heady moment. I only hoped it was a vision of what lay in the future for my own country.” (…) 

“The conference was officially opened by our host, His Imperial Majesty, who was dressed in an elaborate brocaded army uniform. I was surprised by how small the emperor appeared, but his dignity and confidence made him seem like the African giant that he was. It was the first time I had witnessed a head of state go through the formalities of his office, and I was fascinated. He stood perfectly straight, and inclined his head only slightly to indicate that he was listening. Dignity was the hallmark of all his actions.

 

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Haile Selassie I - Testimonies

S. Radhakrishnan, President of India – 1965

Addis Abeba, 10th of October 1965

“Your Imperial Majesty, Your Excellencies, and Distinguished Guests: it has been a source of great pleasure for me and the members of my party, to have been able to accept the kind invitation of His Imperial Majesty and be with you just now.

In our country and in many parts of the world, His Imperial Majesty is admired affectionately and treated as a great and good man. He has suffered for the people of Ethiopia. He led the people in the battlefield, and when calamity overtook them, he appealed to the conscience of the world. He pleaded with the League of Nations, suffered exile and came back to power, and since then he has been trying to modernise Ethiopia, to bring to it all the great benefits which modern industry, economic progress and modem reforms can offer to a people.

We have been greatly struck by the fact that though he is a devout Christian, he allows freedom of thought, expression and belief to the Muslims, to the Jews and others who inhabit this land. The calamities which intolerance brings, racial and religious, are to be seen in different parts of the world and are overcome only by the growth of tolerance and understanding, the spirit which His Imperial Majesty is showing in the administration of his country.”

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Ethiopian I-tal Food

Incense – Etàn ዕጣን

Incense, called Ettàn in the Ethiopian language, ዕጣን.
It was given to Christ as a symbol of His priesthood, and is essentially burned by the Church for liturgical sanctification and the inspiration of the faithful. As it was written by the Psalmist (141,2):
“Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense”
Just like myrrh, it is a resin that is extracted from the bark of a plant, Boswellia, of which we have many different varieties. Depending on the variety, incense can have different colors and be found in crystalline, stony or woody form.
A particular crystalline variety of Boswellia is used for the liturgy, called “Bietekristiyan” (meaning “Church”). Other varieties are used for home fragrance (like “Ogaden” or “Lubanja”) and during the civil ceremony of coffee (for example, “Aden”).